On the top, cast in the glass, is written 128 fluid ounces. On the bottom of the jar is 1867. I think 1867 is the year of the patent. See: "Jars marked “PAT NOV 26 67” on the base."
It is likely a GEM brand canning jar, made by the Hero glass company, see page 223 of this pdf:
Any bottle/jar collectors out there who might have a bit more information? Comment below!